Things You Should Know as a New Puppy Owner
Feeding and Watering
Grooming at Home
Toy Breed Health Concerns
When to go to the Veterinarian
I greet the puppies every morning with
"Hello my Babies" and I get wiggles, wagging tails and lots of Kisses!
I just want you to have the best experience
with your new puppy. I have loved your puppy for more then eight weeks and
I want the baby to have a great home with you,
happy and healthy!
Please read and save this information, it is
I would love to answer your questions, but
sometimes I am not available by phone. If there is an emergency
with your puppy, please Text me if I
don't answer my phone. Even when I can't take a call, I can see the
text. Some days I
would get nothing done but answer the
phone! When in doubt... Call your Vet! Don't let them put you off
until the next day if
the puppy is not feeling well! Please remember
that it is your responsibility to give your puppy the best care for his/her
I will help if I can, with recommendations, but
I am not a Vet. Please ask to speak with the Vet, not just the person answering
A Social Puppy is a Happy Puppy!
We know you are excited about your new puppy,
and by all means take him for short visits away from home. But please
remember the puppy needs lots of rest
too. A nap at least once every fours or less!!
I would suggest not placing him on the
floor at your Vet's Office
or in stores where other dogs or puppies are
until he/she has had all their Vaccines. (I would also avoid dog parks, until
Vaccines are finished too)
Please send me an email when you can to
update me about your puppy. I never forget the babies and would love to
how they are doing! Thank you for choosing
one of our darling puppies to make part of your family!!
Books I would recommend-
Patricia McConnell, Ph.D - Puppy Primer
(also available as EBook)
Deborah Wood - Little Dogs:Training your
Victoria Stilwell - It's Me or the
Dog How to have the Perfect Pet
Things that you will need when your puppy comes
Crate (Don't buy too large)
Puppy Food - Royal Canin (we send a small bag of starter food
) you will need Royal Canin Small Indoor Puppy or X-Small Puppy
You Can keep your puppy on Royal Canin Mini or Small Starter
if they are very Tiny ( under 2.5 lbs)
Toys (Rope toys are great)
Soft "bone" or other chewy object. (Avoid small
Puppy Shampoo and Conditioner
Ear Cleaner for after bath
Pin Brush and Comb
Treats (We like Natural Balance Dog Food Rolls) or (Freeze
Harness and Leash
Small jar of Stained Chicken Baby Food
Tube of Nutri-Stat or Nutri-Cal (Available at Petsmart or
Petco, most pet stores)
White coated puppies or puppies with tear stain issues- We
recommend ANGEL EYES (Available online) AWESOME STUFF (get
original formula, not the one with Marshmellow Root)
This is an item I could never do without... so helpful no
matter how you are housetraining your puppy
Indoors or Outside! A great safe place for your Puppy
You can put a waterproof mattress pad under the pen while
North States Superyard Play
(Available online or at retailers,
sometimes in the Baby Department)
Now that you have
obtained a puppy, you have a very important job ahead of you. Housebreaking is a
challenging but rewarding experience when done successfully. The following
information will help you to understand the habits of your puppy, and assist you
in teaching him where to urinate and defecate. A routine, constant supervision
when you are at home, and confinement when you are not, will have most dogs
housebroken within 12 weeks.
A puppy that is new to your home will need time to adjust. This can
take up to three months, depending on the puppy’s age and level of confidence.
Each puppy is an individual and will respond differently to having new
caretakers, living in a new environment (indoors and out), and getting used to a
new routine. Changes in diet and exercise, anxiety, and excitability are all
factors that will affect your puppy’s behavior.
Taking Your Puppy Potty
At first, only take your puppy outdoors when it is potty time. If you have to
wait for an elevator or walk a long way, carry the puppy or walk quickly, giving
no time for the puppy to stop. Go directly to the spot you have chosen for his
potty place, use the verbal command you have chosen, and repeat it over and over
until you have success. Do not let the puppy leave the area you have chosen for
his potty place. Upon success, immediately reward your puppy with plenty of
praise and a little treat. Give the puppy only about ten minutes to get the job
done. Once he does his business, you can then go for a walk or have a little
playtime. If the puppy does not go, or does not completely empty out, return
him to his crate, and try taking him out again in about a half an hour.
Whenever a puppy eats or drinks, he sets in motion a digestive
sequence that often ends up with elimination. Shortly after finishing his meal,
the puppy will have to go to the bathroom. This can be anywhere within a
30-minute period. So, when he’s done eating, don’t let him roam all over the
house and don’t let him out of your sight. Watch for signs that the puppy has
to relieve himself. Intense sniffing, pacing back and forth, and/or circling
are signs that he “has to go.”
If you feed your puppy at the same time each day, you will be able
to see a clear pattern of behavior develop. The number of meals per day that
you feed the puppy will figure into the total number of times you can expect to
have to take him out on a toilet mission. Feeding a highly digestible, premium
formula food greatly assists in getting and keeping the puppy on a schedule.
Young and/or small puppies need to be fed more often than older/larger puppies.
Suggested Feeding Schedule:
Very young or small puppies – 4 times a day or feed on demand
Puppies 3 to 6 months – 3 times a day
Puppies 7 months to adult – 2 times a day
Puppies usually need to urinate after waking from a nap or an
overnight sleep. Once again, supervision is the key. If you don’t see the
puppy wake up, you may miss seeing him relieve himself. Always be in a position
to be able to hurry the puppy outdoors. Vigorous play can stimulate a puppy to
urinate as well. A puppy may have trouble controlling the urge. He may squat
suddenly, urinate and then resume play. Watch carefully, often sniffing the
ground or floor as he circles will be the only sign. Generally speaking, a
puppy has the capability of holding one hour for every month of age.
Some dogs use urine and feces to mark territorial boundaries. Even
a young puppy may feel compelled to establish and protect his territory. This
type of soiling (not related to normal elimination) can happen during the night
if you sleep in separate quarters from the dog, or when you leave the dog alone
in the house. Dogs are quite social. Many puppies become stressed and anxious
when separated from their family. Un-neutered males often lift their leg
indoors, not because they have to go, but rather as a way of posting a “No
Trespassing” sign. BE SURE TO GET A MALE PUPPY NEUTERED BEFORE HE REACHES
SEXUAL MATURITY. We recommend neutering be done by 6 months of age. Waiting to
neuter until one or more years of age may not correct what has become a habit in
marking territory. There are health benefits to neutering as well.
“Caught You in the Act!”
If you catch your puppy in the act, a deep firm “NO” is all that is
needed to communicate your displeasure. If you succeeded in interrupting the
act, get the puppy outdoors quickly and clean up when you get back. Hitting the
puppy or rubbing his face in his waste is not necessary. Intimidation tactics
work against relationships based on mutual trust and respect. Puppies love
praise and want to please their masters. Supervision and consistency are
essential. The puppy is always learning, even when you are not actively
teaching. A puppy that is improperly supervised (you find more accidents than
you see happen) may become confused as to whether or not he may eliminate
indoors. Sometimes he gets yelled at and sometimes he doesn’t. A puppy that is
carefully monitored understands very quickly what he may and may not do and
usually becomes reliable much more quickly.
If you missed the event, when the puppy is very young, all you can
do is clean it up and vow to be more diligent in watching. Correction is
useless because the puppy does not remember doing it. Once the puppy is older,
recognizes his smell, and remembers the command you use for elimination, you can
take him to the accident and firmly scold him and reinforce verbally that he
“goes potty outside.” When you cannot supervise the puppy, he should be crated
or confined to a small, dog-proofed area.
Clean up all accidents with a commercial odor
neutralizer. This type of product, which is available in pet stores and
catalogs, breaks down the organic matter that causes the odor. Normal household
cleaners will not neutralize the odor. If there is any residual odor left after
cleaning, chances are good that the puppy will return to the spot again. Be
sure to use the product correctly, or it will not work.
If you are thinking about paper training, consider what the end result is that
you want for your puppy. Teaching a dog to eliminate indoors can cause
confusion when he is away from home. Unless the dog is carefully trained to
respond to a specific set of cues, he may have indoor accidents where you are
visiting! Un-neutered males are particularly difficult to paper train because
they want to lift their leg and leave their scent in many different places.
Unneutered males must be trained to use only one indoor scent post. Some people
are now experimenting with litter boxes. Again, it may work very well at home,
but if you want your puppy to travel with you, you may have problems when away
- Security for your puppy
Many people associate kennel
crates with imprisonment or punishment. It is actually a personal den or safe
haven for the puppy. Crates minimize the stress and activity that comes with
being left alone and having to deal with a large area. A crated puppy cannot
pace back and forth or dart from window to window. He cannot work himself into
a frenzy that also may include chewing and ransacking. These activities also
lead to indoor accidents. Dogs are much more contented when they feel secure.
Having his own personal “house” for when you are away will give your puppy the
security he needs. It also assures you that he is behaving and you will be
happy to see each other when you arrive home.
will try very hard not to soil their quarters. They like clean beds. This is
the reason it is very successful to use crate training as part of your
housebreaking regime. Most dogs enjoy tight spaces with little headroom.
However, some dogs do need room to sprawl. Take notice how your dog uses space
when he is let loose in a room. The size of the crate is very important. You
may need to experiment a bit. If the dog soils the crate daily, it is probably
too big. If the dog can curl up in one corner and soil the other corner, the
crate is definitely too big. Do not put any absorbent bedding in the crate
until you are sure that your puppy can control himself and keep it clean and
dry. If the puppy continues to soil it, make sure that you are adhering to the
correct schedule and the puppy has been fully exercised before being crated. Do
not be late in getting the puppy out. A dog that is forced to soil his crate is
a very unhappy dog. Generally speaking, a puppy has the capability of holding
one hour for every month of age
Introduce the puppy to the crate slowly. Feed him in it, put his toys in it,
and hide goodies inside it. It should be fun to go inside. Put a chew toy
inside, close the door and stay nearby. Talk to him, laugh, and then let the
dog out with a big “Hooray!” Increase the length of time he is in the crate in
small increments. Distance yourself, too. Sit across the room, and then sit in
the next room. If he begins to whine, a sharply spoken “Quiet!” is necessary.
If he quiets, wait a moment or so and then let him out. As long as he complains
he stays. Don’t reward a tantrum with freedom. If you’ve introduced the crate
properly, and taken the time to make it fun, the puppy will be complaining not
because he doesn’t like his accommodations, but instead because he can’t be with
you when he wants to be.
In rare cases, some dogs will not accept being crated. For whatever reason,
they become extremely anxious if confined. Some make every effort to escape.
Signs of stress include incessant barking, shaking, trembling, extreme
salivation and lathering. In most cases, the crate will be soiled repeatedly.
If the dog becomes hysterical, do not force the issue. Some dogs just can’t be
trained using crates.
We feed Royal Canin Mini Starter and provide you with some to
take home with your new puppy. After several days at home you will want to
switch to Royal Canin Mini Indoor Puppy. If you choose to switch your puppy to a
different type of food, make the change gradually over a period of 7-10 days.
Start with just the food we sent for a few days. On about Day 3 or 4 you may
begin lessening the amount of the old food and increasing the amount of the new
food. Continue the switch gradually until only the new food is being fed. We
will provide specific feeding instructions when you get a puppy from us.
Remember to provide your puppy with fresh water at all times. Typically, puppies
need to stay on puppy food for about one year of age. Occasionally, if they are
gaining weight too quickly a switch to a maintenance diet will need to be made
sooner. Please communicate regularly with your veterinarian about body condition
for small pups: Every meal is important! Skipping a meal can
result in hypoglycemic (low blood sugar) shock and death. Below is a list of
things to try with "finicky" puppies to encourage them to eat. Please contact
your veterinarian and us right away if any problems arise.
Puppy !!! They love it
Strained Chicken Baby Food
Always keep a jar on hand if your puppy
wouldn't eat or needs help keeping blood sugar up due to poor
Soaking the food with warm
water or broth
Canned Hill’s Prescription
Hill's Science Diet Puppy®
Yogurt – plain, vanilla or
Lots of Fresh
Puppies love the out of doors
and going for walks. An active puppy can get plenty of exercise indoors,
however, making them suitable for city environments or apartments. If you do
have the opportunity to take your puppy for a run, the little one will enjoy
it very much.
Puppies have a
tendency to think they are quite a bit larger than they are! This can pose
problems if they chase after moving objects such as larger dogs, people
walking/running, etc. We recommend using a harness for walking your Puppy.
Harnesses are much safer than collars because they spread out the pressure
over the dog’s chest area instead of just on the dog’s neck. If a Puppy falls
off of a deck or other high place, a collar can cause them to suffocate within
seconds. A harness will also prevent long-term damage to a Puppy's trachea
from straining on a leash.
Grooming at Home
The younger you start trimming
your puppies nails the better! You may trim the nails up to once a week at first
to get them used to having their feet handled! Either ask us to show you when
you pick up your puppy or ask your veterinarian on your first visit. I use
a human nail or toenail clippers. They are much easier then the large dog
Trimming around the Eyes:
over the eye or poking the eye can damage the eye’s surface. It is important to
keep this hair short and the area clean. If you want to trim the hair yourself,
it is best to use a long tipped scissors and cut with the points directed away
from the eye. This will lower the risk of eye injury if your dog moves suddenly
while trimming. If you are not comfortable trimming the hair yourself, have
your groomer trim it regularly. You may also need to cleanse this area with a
cotton ball moistened with warm water to prevent “eye goober” buildup.
Start bathing your puppy every few
weeks with an appropriate dog/puppy shampoo. Human shampoos are not balanced for
the skin pH of dogs. We recommend a mild shampoo that is meant for puppies for
routine cleansing. Do not use any medicated shampoos unless directed by your
veterinarian. Check to make sure the rectum is free of dried stool.
Dried Stool can cause a blockage and can make the puppy very sick. You can
also "spot" wash the "potty" areas to clean more
often. Make sure puppy is dry before going outside. Use a hair dryer
on low setting.
When to go to your
At Cuddles and Snuggles we feel that it is very
important for you to establish a working relationship with your veterinarian.
Your puppy needs to have a physical exam very soon after you bring he/she home.
(This is also required for activating our health warranty.) At this time, you
and your veterinarian will be able set up a health care schedule according to
their recommendations. It will also make you feel more comfortable asking them
questions if you have any concerns about your puppy.
Some things to ask your
Flea and Tick Prevention
Feeding/Nutrition (see ours
Puppy class recommendations
Listed below are a few
of the common problems that you should call your veterinarian about:
Diarrhea for more than one
Vomiting more than one
Refusal to eat (very
important in small puppies)
Listlessness or lethargy
Excessive itching at ears,
Retained baby teeth
Normal for Puppies:
Slight jerking or shaking
Whimpering during first
A small amount of dandruff
(skin is the last priority on the growing list)
Puppy breath: puppies teeth
just like babies and consequently get a raunchy smell to their breath
Toy Breed Health
simply means low blood sugar. This can even occur in otherwise healthy puppies
due to a lack of eating enough for energy expended. BecauseToy Breeds have such little reserve,
never miss a meal. If they do not eat, their blood sugar will drop to a
dangerous level and this could cause death.
Signs of Hypoglycemia:
Lethargy/Refusal to eat
Shock or coma-like state
If your puppy is acting lethargic, place an
inch of Nutri-Stat®/Nutrical® or a teaspoon of corn syrup in it’s
mouth. If the puppy is not returning to normal activity within 15-30 minutes or
its condition worsens you must seek medical attention immediately. Your
veterinarian may need to give IV fluids with sugar to the puppy depending on its
condition and how low the blood sugar has dropped. Keep the puppy
To entice a small puppy to eat you may try: CHICKEN BABY
FOOD MIXED WITH KARO SYRUP OR NUTRI-STAT
Puppy is what we introduce our puppies to as "Treat
Food". Most puppies love this food and will eat it no matter what is
going on around them. Mash it up with a fork and put it on a small
plate. Sometimes placing the food on a blanket in pieces will help the
puppy eat. ( Cesar Puppy is available at Walmart, Target and Pet Stores)
It is the PUPPY Formula. They may get "spoiled" eating the very tasty
food. Warm it up a bit if the food has been in the frig. You can mix
a little Cesar Puppy with the dry Royal Canin if you would like. Give him
15-20 minutes to eat the food. Dry food is a great choice for your puppy
too, most puppies really like it, some even like it better for everyday
food. Also less waste for you! Give him fresh water at all
times! Most puppies don't like food floating in their water bowls.
Change the water often.
Soaking food in warm water
High quality canned food
(Hill’s a/d or Science Diet puppy canned)
A small amount of Nutri-Stat®
on the food
Yogurt – plain, vanilla or
experimentation is the key!
Vaccines and Wormings
Most puppies are born with worms that
they obtain from the mother through the placenta and in the milk. Therefore, we
worm all our puppies at least 2-3 times before they leave. We've also developed
a comprehensive vaccination program for illnesses such as Parvovirus and
Distemper that puppy at risk to get. All treatments are
recorded on a medical history that is sent with each puppy so your veterinarian
knows what your new member of the family has had.
When you take your puppy to
the vet for the first time, we recommend building a schedule for boosters in the
puppy's future. Some veterinarians will work from our medical record, while
others will completely disregard it. Most of the time, if the dog has not
received a shot close to the time of the vet visit, this is not a serious
problem. If, however, giving a vaccine too soon would be dangerous. PLEASE
don't repeat vaccines that we have already given. We take great care to
make sure your puppy has all the shots it needs and we carefully handle all
vaccines to provide the best protection for your puppy.
We do not give Bordetella
Vaccine. We do NOT have kennel cough in our kennel and we don't want to
introduce the virus to our puppies. The vaccine can cause a mild case of
Kennel Cough, which could be mild in one puppy and could cause a more
serious case in another puppy.
If your Puppy has straining
with a bowel movement or very hard stools or loose stools, you can
try giving them canned pumpkin. NOT pie mix, just plain canned
pumpkin. It works for both loose stools and hard stools. A Wonder
Always make sure there is no
dried stool (poop)! LOL on the puppies rectum. (butt!)
Green Beans also works for
Plain Yogurt is good for
puppies bowels too!
Enjoy your New
Puppy!!! They will love you like no one else will!!